Retina: The layer of nerve cells that lines the back of the wall inside the eye that senses light and sends signals to the brain (through the optic nerve) so you can see.
Macula: The center of your retina that helps you clearly see details of objects in front of you, like faces and written text.
Fovea: The depression in the macula that is responsible for sharp central vision.
Optic Nerve: The nerve at the back of your eye that sends light signals to your brain so you can see.
Pupil: The dark hole in the center of the iris that allows light to enter the eye.
Iris: The colored part of the eye that dilates (widens) or constricts (narrows) the pupil to control the amount of light reaching the retina.
Lens: The transparent structure behind the iris that bends light rays so that they form a clear image in the retina.
Cornea: The clear, dome-shaped layer that covers the front of the eye and focuses light on the retina.
The functions of the retina can sometimes be very complicated. Similarly, the dysfunctions of the eye can be just as difficult to understand. Below, we have listed several of the most common eye conditions that we treat. Please click on a diagnosis to learn more about its prognosis and treatment options.